Sunday Update – Week 3

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This week had its ups and downs. I was dealing with a sick step-son-to-be (presumably the flu) most of the week, and didn’t get any exercising done. Which, of course, isn’t new for me, I’m trying to START exercising, which is the hardest part. The good things are: Monday was my fiancé’s birthday. My step-daughter-to-be baked him a strawberry shortcake – his favorite dessert. It turned out pretty amazing.

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On my fiancé’s birthday, we also went to a big indoor park with my family and then we all went out to dinner. Turned out to be an excellent birthday.

Currently Reading

Currently Reading

This week, I started reading Fablehaven, by Brandon Mull to the kids. I think part of the attraction of being read to is sitting in my bucket chair. They insisted that the topper picture be posted on my blog. 🙂 I set aside my studies of Don Quixote for a little while in hopes of renewing my interest with a palate-cleanser, so I started studying The Island of Doctor Moreau instead. I will use the strategy outlined by Susan Wise Bauer in The Well-Educated Mind. I set aside Storm of Swords for a palate-cleanser, so I’m reading Rachel Cain’s Ink and Bone instead. I started reading of the ARC of I Stop Somewhere by Te Carter. Caesar’s Last Breath is my next book club book. The other two books I’m reading for my own personal edification.

Acquired

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I decided to check out what sort of power I had at NetGalley now that I’d started a new blog, so I requested a bunch of books. The only one approved so far is I Stop Somewhere, which I’ll review next week. I’ve been rejected by three books, so apparently my pull isn’t what it once was.

Completed

Completed

I watched X-Men: First Class with my nephew and fiancé, and finished Mouse Guard: Fall 1152 (personal edification) and The Shadow Land (next weekend’s book club).

 

On my blog: 

I reviewed Incarceration Nations, by Baz Dreisinger, published notes on lecture set one, two, and three of the University of Michigan’s Teach-Out: Democratic to Authoritarian Rule, and posted about my reasons for setting aside Don Quixote.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Democratic to Authoritarian Rule: Tools of Authoritarianism

Big Fist Over People

These are my notes for the third set of lectures about Democratic to Authoritarian Rule at the University of Michigan. The rest of my notes can be found here.

juan1The third set of lectures, Tools of Authoritarianism, begins with a set of lectures by Juan Cole, a Professor of History at the University of Michigan. He speaks about the Arab Spring of the 2010s. The Arab Spring took place because the post-colonial Arab world was ruled mainly by presidents-for-life. The Millennials became angry and scared because the colonial times that these presidents had saved their countries from had been long before the Millennials were born – the Millennials couldn’t remember and therefore couldn’t relate. Some of these presidents-for-life were setting up their children to take over for them, and the Millennials wanted a democratic vote. They mobilized by word-of-mouth and social media and managed to overthrow their governments. However, the presidents who were voted in during the Arab Spring also had authoritarian tendencies, such as arresting dissenters and suppressing gatherings using military force. These presidents had learned their lessons about social media and began to monitor it. Professor Cole warns against ignoring such prying into our private documents here in the US.

s200_brian-porter-sz_csThe third set of lectures continues with a commentary by Brian Porter-Szucs, a Profesor of History at the University of Michigan. He talks about everyday authoritarianism in today’s Poland. Poland is ruled by the party that is in control, rather than by the President or Prime Minister per se. That means the leader of the Law and Justice Party (PiS), Jaroslaw Kaczynski, is the authoritarian ruler of Poland. Porter-Szucs points out that in any political argument, someone always gets compared to Stalin or Hitler, and says that this is usually an overstatement. However, he also points out that to MOST people during Stalin or Hitler’s regimes, life went on like normal. They went to work, fell in love, hung out with their friends, dreamed their dreams. It was the minorities targeted by these regimes that mainly suffered. Porter-Szucs’ point is that it is easy to ignore what is going on around you, and to not even realize that an authoritarian regime is being built.

image-1519164454718Pauline Jones, the Director of the University of Michigan’s International Institute and a Professor of Political Science, completes the third set of lectures by describing Putin’s Russia. He came to power through what seems to be a fair democratic vote, but soon started changing the laws so that the country became an autocracy. For instance, he increased the length of time he could be in power before another vote. He also indirectly supported assaults against, and assassinations of, journalists who disagreed with his regime. Professor Jones’ main point was how easy and often legal it is for a person in power to begin the first steps to create an autocracy.

 

The third set of lectures ends with this discussion question: Extreme polarization in a democratic society is viewed as many researchers as an early sign of authoritarian rule. Do you agree and why?

I guess I can see how extreme polarization could be one of the first signs of authoritarian rule – because authoritarian leaders use media to spread propaganda which people either believe or strongly disagree with. However, I don’t think it is necessarily a sign of authoritarian rule. In the US, politics began to get very polarized and started down a slippery slope during George W. Bush’s, then Obama’s, then Trump’s administrations. I wouldn’t say any of these leaders (as of yet) is authoritarian – although I see why people would believe any of the three of these leaders WAS authoritarian.

 

Don Quixote: Chapter 8 to Chapter 20

DQWEM

I have tried reading Don Quixote on several occasions. I’ve just never been able to get through it. I love the story, but part of my problem is the wordiness and part is are the diversions into unrelated stories. I’m sure that these diversions and flowery wordiness is parodying stories of chivalry around the time of Cervantes. However, that doesn’t make it any more amusing for me to get through. I think this is part of a parody that simply doesn’t translate well to modern literature. I think I will take a break from Don Quixote, and read a much lighter book for a while. Hopefully I’ll be able to pick up where I left off with more excitement than I’m currently feeling.

Democratic to Authoritarian Rule: Lecture Set 2

Big Fist Over People

These are my notes for the second set of lectures about Democratic to Authoritarian Rule by Professor Arun Agrawal at the University of Michigan. The rest of my notes can be found here.

In his second set of lectures, Professor Agrawal talks about Indira Gandhi’s authoritarian rule in India from June 1975 – March 1977. Gandhi was democratically elected as Prime Minister in 1975, but the election was declared void by the Allahabad High Court due to electoral malpractice. Instead of stepping down after her appeals failed, Indira Gandhi had the President of India declare a state of emergency in India – purportedly because the protests were a danger to the country. During the state of emergency, Gandhi broke all five of the key components of democracy as outlined by Professor Agrawal. When she declared a state of emergency, she shut down electricity to media outlets so that the situation could not be fairly reported. She arrested her opposition, and the ones she couldn’t arrest had to go into hiding. Thus, all five of the key components of democracy (as outlined by Professor Agrawal) were broken: rule of law, freedom of expression, presence of a coherent and organized opposition, a free judiciary, and free and fair elections where all citizens have the right to vote.

The scary thing about this situation is how quickly it happened. One night, people went to sleep in a democracy. When they woke up, they were in an authoritarian regime. Just like that.

For discussion, Professor Agrawal asks: What do you see as the two most important institutions of democratic politics whose decline should set alarm bells ringing for citizens and why?

Of the five institutions of democratic politics, I think the most important should be free and fair elections where all citizens have the right to vote and the rule of law. As I see it, these are the most basic ones that define democracy, and are the easiest to break.

 

Democratic to Authoritarian Rule – A Teach-Out by University of Michigan

Big Fist Over People

The University of Michigan is teaming up with Coursera to create Teach-Outs which (as far as I can determine) are week-long MOOC lecture series which address problems currently faced in society today. I have belatedly signed up for their Teach-Out “Democratic to Authoritarian Rule” which started on 2/12/2018. 

arun_agrawal_0The first lecture was by Professor Arun Agrawal, who explained how modern democracy can become authoritarian. In both older and modern authoritarianism, the leader/regime attempts to disable the basic building blocks of democracy, such as elections, free press, check and balances on their power, and rule of law. They may also unfairly enforce laws against people of certain race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, etc. For instance, the regime might promote what they call a democratic election, but undermine the election by keeping some populations from voting (like the modern ID laws, which make it difficult for very poor and homeless people to vote) and by calling the election fraudulent when they don’t agree with the outcome. They might undermine the rule of law by criticizing the judicial system when it disagrees with the regime’s own point of view. (Or by removing the Judicial Branch from the list of government branches on the White House webpage.) They can undermine free press by calling it “fake news” and handing out awards for the “fakest” news. They might claim that they are above the law (for instance, are unable to be sued). [Specific examples aimed at Donald Trump are my own insertions.]

Professor Agrawal ends his lecture with a prompt to introduce ourselves by noting any experience we have had with authoritarian politics and/or our concerns about democratic vs. authoritarian tendencies in our own countries:

I am a soon-to-be-married white middle-class woman from the USA, who has been privileged enough to not be personally impacted by what I would consider the authoritarian tendencies of Donald Trump. I can vote, and I’m fairly confident that my vote wasn’t unfairly discounted due to claims of fraud or lack of identification. I have not been banned from traveling, though I personally know people who have been stuck on one side of the border or the other by such bans. I have not been immediately affected (though I expect the impact to come eventually) of Trump’s withdrawal from the Paris Climate Accord, and his denial and suppression of climate change data. Despite my relative safety from these issues, I am very frightened of where Donald Trump’s plans (or lack thereof) are leading the US and the world. I know that if he continues as is, many more people will suffer, and I am saddened by where our county is headed.

However, I also realize that many people felt the same way about Obama (though I can’t imagine how they can rationalize that). I also know that we, in the US, have it pretty good compared to millions others in authoritarian countries. For that, I am grateful.

 

 

 

 

Incarceration Nations, by Baz Dreisinger

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Synopsis: Dr. Dreisinger travels to different prisons around the world, giving 2-day seminars to the prisoners and comparing the pros and cons of each prison system.
My Thoughts: I admit this book wasn’t quite what I expected. I expected it to have more complaints (with evidence) about the problems of over-incarceration. Although it did contain such comments, that was not the point of the book. It was a fascinating description of different prisons throughout the world and what they were doing right (and wrong) in rehabilitating their inmates. She left some prisons feeling uplifted and left others feeling quite depressed. I found the book quite interesting even if it wasn’t quite what I expected.
I give this book 4 snowflakes for interest level and fluidity of writing
four snowflakes

Sunday Update – Week 2

I hope everyone had a happy Valentine’s Day week. I did. I even spent it with someone, which is rare for me. My fiancé wasn’t as much of a fan of the Viking Blod as I was, but he loved the chocolate covered strawberries.

This wasn’t a great reading week for me as I have been drifting between hypomanic and depressed all week. However, the incumbent insomnia inherent to bipolar disorder meant I had plenty of time to listen to my audiobook while silently sitting, sulking away in the dark. As selfied here:

Yup, that’s me listening to Shadow Land, while trying to fall asleep without waking up the fiancé.

And these (the words you’re reading) are me writing while hypomanic in the middle of the night. Ah, mania is so fun. I wish it weren’t unhealthy. Alas!

My step-daughter-to-be and I baked cupcakes on Thursday, while watching Frozen:

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This week I have finished 0 books. But I watched:

Watched

My step-children-to-be, nephew, fiancé, and I watched Wonder and played Apples to Apples Junior as part of a family night last Sunday.  Wonder was an amazing movie. The fiancé and I watched Bridget Jones Diary on Valentine’s Day. And the fiancé, nephew, and I watched X-Men Origins: Wolverine on Friday night after the kiddos went to bed. That was a sucky movie, but since we’re watching all the X-Men movies in order we had to check it off. 

I played:

I acquired:

Acquired

I am currently reading: